Rural Development

RURAL DEVELOPMENT

RURALITY OF THE COUNTRY

With respect to the nature of the territory and population density, Slovakia is a rural country. The average population density in the SR is 110 inhabitants per km2. The Eurostat methodology defines a rural region as an administrative unit structured according to the level of rurality by the rate of number of people living in rural villages and the total number of inhabitants in the region. The criterion for classification as rural settlement and urban settlement is population density per km2, with a boundary of 150 inhabitants per km2. Significantly rural regions are regions where the share of the population of the region living in rural municipalities is grater than 50%, prevailingly rural regions have a share of 15-50 % and prevailingly urbanised regions have a share of inhabitants less than 15 %.

With respect to regional level (NUTS III), single regions of the SR are classified as follows:

  • Significantly rural regions:
    • Banská Bystrica region
    • Prešov region
  • Prevailingly rural regions:
    • Trnava region
    • Nitra region
    • Trenčín region
    • Žilina region
    • Košice region
  • Prevailingly urban districts:
    • Bratislava region

CONCEPTUALl POLICY FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT

A document in the area of rural development politics at the national level with title of “Conceptual Policy for Rural Development in the Slovak Republic by the year 2005” was adopted in the year 1998. The basic objective of the document is to ensure an adequate standard of living and improvement of quality of life of the rural population, sufficient job opportunities and adequate incomes by means of economic activities in the areas of agriculture, forestry, water management, the processor industry, traditional crafts, services and tourism, creation of an appropriate social climate, protection and formation of a healthy environment. This document was the basis framework for the elaboration of strategy in the SAPARD Programme.

PRE-ACCESSION PROGRAMME – SAPARD

The main realisation instrument for rural development in the pre-accession period was the Agriculture and Rural Development Plan of the SR – SAPARD Programme. This programme contained three priorities and nine measures within them.

Priority No. 1 : Improvement of the agricultural production sector, including food-processing industry
Measure No.1: Investments in agricultural holdings (in sectors: sheep, poultry, fruit and vegeta-ble, cattle and pigs)
Measure No.2: Improving in the processing and marketing of agricultural and fishery products (milk processing and dairy products industry, processing of meat, poultry, fruits and vegetables and ready-made meals, fish and fishery products)

Measure No.3: Setting-up of producer groups
Priority No.2 : Sustainable rural development
Measure 4a: Diversification activities in rural areas for investments not involving infrastructure
Measure 4b: Diversification activities – infrastructure investments not generating substantial net revenue
Measure No.5: Forestry
Measure No.6: Agricultural production methods designated to protect the environment and maintain the countryside
Measure No.7: Land consolidation
Priority No.3 : Development of human activities
Measure No.8: Human resources development
Measure No.9 :Technical assistance

 

REALISATION OF THE SAPARD PROGRAMME

947 projects with a total amount of support from the SAPARD Programme amounting to SKK 4 622 804 thousand have been approved, which is 106.4 % of disposable public resources of the programme. Over-contracted projects are supported through the Rural Development Plan 2004-2006.

NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC 2004-2006

An integrated approach to addressing rural development is carried out in cooperation with objectives, priorities and measures of the National Development Plan (NDP), which is the basic programming document of the SR for drawing funds from structural funds of the EC in period 2004-2006. The global objective is while respecting the sustainable development, to ensure such GDP growth that the Slovak Republic will have achieved a level exceeding 50% of GDP average in the EU countries by the year 2006. The priority “Agriculture and Rural Development” with which a specific objective “To increase efficiency in the sector of agricultural production and quality of life of the rural population” contributes along with other priorities fulfilment of the overall objective of the Plan.

Implementation and achievement of the objective in the field of agricultural production and quality of life of the rural population is being realised through the Sectoral Operational Programme Agriculture and Rural Development 2004-2006 (hereinafter referred to as the SOP

SECTORAL OPERATIONAL PROGRAMME AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT 2004-2006

The Sectoral Operational Programme is a programming document for drawing funds from EAGGF and FIFG Guidance Sections.

The support is being realised within the Objective 1 – i.e. in the territory of the whole Slovakia except for the Bratislava region, and it will contribute to the sustainable economically and socially balanced development of rural areas in compliance with the strategy of the structural policy within the CSF (Community Support Framework).

In order to ensure main and specific objectives of the SOP A-RD there were determined two priorities with the following measures:

Support of productive agriculture

Measure 1.1    Investments in agricultural holdings
Measure 1.2    Improving processing and marketing of agricultural products

Support of sustainable rural development

Measure 2.1    Sustainable forest management and forestry development
   Sub-measure 2.1.1    Investments for improvement and rationalization of silviculture and marketing of wood and non-wood products (profitable investments)
   Sub-measure 2.1.2    Public welfare investments (non-profit investments)
Measure 2.2    Fisheries (financed by the FIFG)
   Sub-measure 2.2.1    Fish processing and promotion of fishery products
   Sub-measure 2.2.2    Aquaculture
Measure 2.3    Promoting the adaptation and development of rural areas
   Sub-measure 2.3.1    Land consolidation
   Sub-measure 2.3.2    Diversification of agricultural activities
Measure 2.4    Training
Measure 2.5    Technical assistance
 

The total financial support framework for years 2004-2006 amounts to € 466.354 mil, while co-financing from the Guidance Section of the European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund (EAGGF) is in the amount of € 181.158 mil, from the Financial Instrument for Fisheries Guidance (FIFG) in the amount of € 1.829 mil, from the state budget in the amount of € 72.806 mil and private sources create € 210.559 mil.

RURAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF THE SR 2004-2006

The Rural Development Plan of the Slovak Republic 2004-2006 (hereinafter referred to as the RDP) is a programming document elaborated in compliance with Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/1999 for drawing of funds from the Guarantee Section of the EAGGF.

Support from the Rural Development Plan is carried out according to geographical allocation and it is intended for three types of measures:

  • Horizontal measures for the entire territory of the SR (i.e. for Objective 1 and Objective 2 + not classified areas);
  • Measures for Objective 2 + not classified areas (i.e. the entire Bratislava region) which are elabo-rated in compliance with the SOP A-RD and their nature is identical;
  • Over-committed and ongoing projects of the SAPARD Programme.

The main objective of the RDP is to increase efficiency in the sector of agricultural produc-tion and quality of life of the rural population (multifunctional agriculture and sustainable rural development). Two priorities of the RDP with the following measures are based on the relevant objectives:

  • Development of sustainable rural economy Measure 1 – Investment in agricultural holdings (The area of Objective 2 + not classified areas)
    Measure 1 – Projects approved according to Regulation No 1268/1999 (SAPARD Programme)
    Measure 2 – Training (The area of the Objective 2 + not classified areas)
    Measure 4 – Meeting standards of the Community (horizontal measure)
    Measure 6 – Improving processing and marketing of agricultural products (The area of the Ob-jective 2 + not classified areas)
    Measure 7 – Forestry (The area of the Objective 2 + not classified areas)
    Measure 7 – Projects approved according to Regulation No 1268/1999 (SAPARD)
    Measure 9 – Land consolidation (The area of the Objective 2 + not classified areas)
    Measure 10 – Diversification of agricultural activities (The area of the Objective 2 + not classified areas)
    Measure 11 – Semi-subsistence farms (horizontal measure)
    Measure 12 – Producer groups (horizontal measure)
    Measure 12 – Projects approved according to Regulation No 1268/1999 (SAPARD)
  • Protection and improvement of rural environment Measure 3 – Less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions (horizontal meas-ure)
    Measure 5 – Agri-environment support (horizontal measure)
    Measure 5 – Projects approved according to Regulation No 1268/1999 (SAPARD)
    Measure 8 – Afforestation of agricultural land (horizontal measure)
  • Other measures:Measure 13 – Technical assistance including evaluation
    Measure 14 – Complements to direct payments

The total financial support framework for years 2004-2006 amounts to € 561.831 mil, while co-financing from the Guarantee Section of the European Agricultural Guidance and Guaran-tee Fund (EAGGF) is in the amount of € 397.100 mil, from the state budget is in amount of € 123.563 mil and private sources create € 41.168 mil.